Why the James Webb Space Telescope is important and what we will see soon?
The US Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) has shared the deepest image of the universe ever captured by the James Webb Space Telescope.
The James Webb Space Telescope is expected to be the main observing instrument of the next decade.
Its mission will be to determine the masses of planets and other masses in the Universe by measuring their spectra. With its detectors and instruments, the James Webb Space Telescope can observe a wide and deep area.
Since Hubble orbits the Earth, a space shuttle was sufficient for its launch.
Since the James Webb Telescope, which needs to reach the L2 point, will not be able to go on a shuttle, an Ariane 5 rocket will be used for its launch.
After reaching the L2 point in a period of 30 days, the James Webb Telescope will not remain stationary.
As the Earth orbits around the Sun, the James Webb Telescope will move with it.
In this way, it is expected to enable observations that can shed light on the formation of the universe.
In particular, it is aimed to capture the afterglow of the Big Bang and the signals of the developments in the universe.
The James Webb Space Telescope will also be used to observe the formation of the universe and galaxies, and to monitor whether Earth-like habitable planets have formed.
The telescope, which collects images about 1.5 million kilometres from Earth, opens the door to the mysteries of space.
The product of NASA’s collaboration with the European and Canadian space agencies, Webb is seen as the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, the largest and most powerful telescope ever built, but 31 years old and nearing the end of its working life.
The first colour images released after the completion of Webb’s 6-month preparation period will represent the beginning of future science missions.
It was reported that the telescope, which opens the door to the mysteries of space, was able to capture “clear and well-focused” images and exhibited optical performance above expectations.
Known as the most advanced space telescope to date, James Webb’s images are important for the formation of the universe and the discovery of other habitable planets.
By capturing the light of the first stars that formed after the Big Bang 13.5 billion years ago, the telescope is intended to study all stages of the history of the universe.
While many parts of the James Webb Telescope are powered by solar energy, some parts run on fuel, which will eventually run out.
And because of its remoteness, there is no recommendation to change the fuel.
Therefore, the expected lifetime of the James Webb Telescope seems to be 5 to 10 years; that is, whenever the fuel runs out.
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